10 beroemde Marokkaanse geleerden die iedere moslim behoort te kennen

Dit is mijn persoonlijke lijst van 10 bekende en invloedrijke Marokkaanse ‘ulama en awliya waarvan ik vind dat iedere moslim -en zeer zeker iedere Marokkaanse moslim (ongeacht of hij/zij al dan niet in Marokko woont)- deze behoort te kennen.

Ik heb deze lijst samengesteld kort gezegd met o.a. de intentie om bij te dragen aan het oplossen van de huidige crises waarin veel geloofsgenoten verkeren, welke o.a. crises van identiteit en kennis zijn. Door (m.n. Marokkaanse) moslims weer trots te maken op hun erfgoed door hen o.a. bekend te maken met geleerden van eigen bodem kan hun gevoel van eigenwaarde toenemen waardoor hun identiteit sterker wordt insha’Allah.

Ik wil moslims hiermee aanzetten tot onderzoek naar de biografieën van deze geleerden.

Hier volgen hun namen in willekeurige volgorde:

1. Shaykh Ahmad Zarruq

2. Qadi ‘Iyad

3. Imam Muhammad al-Jazuli

4. Shaykh ul-Islam Muhammad b. Ja’far al-Kittani

5. Qadi Abu Bakr Ibn al-‘Arabi

6. Shaykh Ahmad Ibn ‘Ajiba

7. ‘Abd al-Wahid Ibn ‘Ashir

8. Shaykh ‘Abd al-Salam Ibn Mashish

9. Shaykh Ahmad Tijani

10. Shaykh Abu’l-Hasan al-Shadhili

Dit is slechts een greep uit de vele geleerden en awliya die de Marokkaanse geschiedenis rijk is. Wellicht dat een ander met 10 andere namen komt aanzetten. Moge dit van nut zijn insha’Allah!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The Creed of Imam al-Shafi’i

The great Moroccan Sufi shaykh Ahmad b. Idris rahimahullah believed that, in terms of theology and creed (‘aqidah), the only thing Muslims needed to believe is what he called “The Creed of Imam al-Shafi’i” (radi’Allahu ta’ala ‘anhu):

عقيدة الإمام الشافعي رضي الله تعالى عنه
آمنت بالله وبما جاء من عند الله على وفق مراد الله
آمنت برسول الله وبما جاء من عند رسول الله على وفق مراد رسول الله
اللهم إني أؤمن بما تعلم أنه الحق عندك وأبرأ إليك مما تعلم أنه الباطل عندك
فخذ مني مجملا ولا تطالبني بالتفصيل

 

I believe in God and in what came from God, according to what was meant by God. I believe in the Messenger of God and in what came from the Messenger of God, according to what was meant by the Messenger of God. O God, I believe in what You know to be the truth with You, and I declare to You my disassociation from what You know to be false with You. So take it from me as a whole, and do not demand from me the details.

He (shaykh Ahmad b. Idris) argued that the only sure way to understand the meaning of God’s descriptions in the Qur’an is through God’s self-disclosure to the servant.

Source: Reassurance for the Seeker, pp. 12, 13

This is a form of tafwid I think, but it has a special and distinguishing extra twist: according to what was meant by Allah and His messenger (sall’Allahu ‘aleyhi wa sallama tasliman kathira). The normal tafwid stops before this twist. It is Athari creed combined with kashf (unveiling).

A modern day scholar (‘Abdullah b. ‘Abd al-‘Aziz al-‘Anqari) from Saudia  compiled the creedal statements of imam al-Shafi’i in a book titled: ‘Aqidat al-Imam al-Shafi’i min Nusus Kalamihi wa Idah Ashabihi. Here: ar_3qeedt_Ash_Shaf3ee

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Etiquettes of war / jihad

In hadith nr. 390 of the work by shaykh ‘Abd al-Ghaffar Hasan “The Way of the Prophet” we read: On the authority of Anas b. Malik (r.) that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) said: ‘Go forth [in jihad against the enemy] with the Name of Allah, by [the capability and support of] Allah and [remain steadfast] upon the way of the Messenger of Allah. Do not kill the frail, old man, the small child or the woman. Do not steal from the war booty. Gather your gains and behave with righteousness and excellence, for truly, Allah loves those who show excellence.’ Abu Dawud (Mishkat, Chapter on Fighting during jihad, hadith nr. 3956)

In the commentary it is said: Islam has explained the fundamental etiquette of war, that one should only fight enemy combatants. One must not target innocent children, women or decrepit, elderly people.

Other etiquettes of war from this hadith:

  • jihad (only) in the name of Allah
  • rely on Allah’s help and assistance
  • folllow the sunna of the Prophet s.a.w.s.
  • don’t steal from the booty / spoils of war
  • gather the gains
  • behave with righteousness (islah) and excellence (ihsan)

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The meaning of at-tahlukah in aya 2:195 of the Qur’an

In hadith nr. 1316 of Bulugh ul-Maram by imam Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalani rahimahullah we can read the following: Abu Ayyub (al-Ansari) -may Allah be pleased with him- narrated that this verse (Q. 2:195) was revealed concerning us (al-Ansar). He was referring to the verse “And don’t throw yourselves into destruction (at-tahlukah)“. Abu Ayyub said that to answer those who disapproved of the action of those who attacked ar-Rum (Byzantines) till they were amidst their army. Related by the three imams. At-Tirmidhi, Ibn Hibban and al-Hakim graded it as sahih.

In the accompanying footnote it is said: When the Muslims confronted the Rum at Constantinopel, a Muslim fighter attacked the lines of the Rum until he was in their midst, and then returned. People then cried: ‘He is throwing himself into destruction.’ Abu Ayyub then told them that they are misinterpreting the verse which was revealed concerning the Ansar, when Allah granted them victory they said to themselves secretly: our property was lost, so why don’t we stay here to take care of our property and regain what we have lost (and leave jihad in the cause of Allah). Allah the Almighty then revealed this verse to show them that the real destruction occurs by staying back in their dwellings and not spending their wealth in the cause of Allah.

Shaykh dr. ‘Abd ul-‘Azim Badawi -in his work Al-Wajiz fi Fiqh as-Sunnah wa’l-Kitab al-‘Aziz (English translation, pp. 651, 652) mentions this as well and refers to the tafsir of Ibn Kathir where this story has been mentioned.

This aya and hadith are proofs for the permissibility of inghimas / taghrir bi’l-nafs in a jihad.

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The important discovery of a lost poem

I wrote an article on the recent important discovery of a lost poem on ‘aqidah of the Kittani family in Morocco.

Download it here: The important discovery of a lost poem

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CA Shamaa’il at-Tirmidhi Intensive May 15-17 in Masjid An-Nur Waalwijk, the Netherlands

Flyer-5-netherlands Shamail#2

For info look here (in Dutch): https://shamaailintensive2015.wordpress.com/

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Boekbespreking “Onze Meester Mohammed (s.a.w.s.)”

Luister hier:

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