Muhammad Asad and Alija Izetbegovic (rahimahumallahu ta’ala) were too great contemporary Muslim thinkers of the last century. Click on the following link and you will find a good read on how how they thought on the islamic state: http://www.salaam.co.uk/knowledge/essay01.php Here is one of the quotes from that essay by Alija Izetbegovic:
“An islamic society without an islamic authority is incomplete and without power; islamic governance without an islamic society is either utopia or violence.”
Subhanallah what a powerful statement by him and how true this is. He was a man of great vision. We can see many examples of this in recent history, think of Somalia right now and what is happening there. I remember a statement by Muhammad Asad in this context that was also very true: “the implentation of the hudud laws is the final stage of the islamic state and not the other way around“. Or something like that, I can’t remember where I read it. This is the big mistake many islamic revival movements have made – in my humble opinion – when wanting to implement the shari’ah when they took power or want to take power in a certain state.
I encourage anyone to read the books mentioned in the essay above, including myself. I have read some of the things of Muhammad Asad like his biography “The Road to Mecca” (partly) and parts of his Qur’an translation and explanation. A beautiful documentary about his life with the same name also has been made recently and can be seen on the internet if you search well; I have seen it in Dutch. I have not read anything yet by Alija Izetbegovic although his books are available in English.